How is Chemotherapy given?

Chemotherapy can be administered via several routes. The most common method is intravenously. Intravenously, or IV, means the drug is given by vein. Usually, a thin needle is inserted into a vein on the hand or lower arm at the onset of treatment session and is removed at the conclusion. Chemotherapy can also be delivered by IV through catheters, ports, and pumps. A catheter is a soft, thin, flexible tube that is placed in a large vein in the body. It remains in place as long as necessary. Sometimes the catheter is attached to a port, which is a small round plastic or metal disc. A central venous catheter is placed in a large vein, most commonly in your chest. A peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is inserted into a vein in your arm and threaded to the deeper, central vein. An intrathecal catheter delivers chemotherapy drugs directly into the spinal fluid.

Follow up care

Follow-up care is important after treatment. Your health care team will explain what tests you need and how often they should be done. Make a special effort to keep all appointments with your cancer care team and follow their instructions carefully. The health care team will determine which test should be done and how often, based on the type of lungs cancer, its stage at diagnosis, and its response to treatment. Your doctor will take a medical history and examine you to check for new symptoms or signs that might indicate your cancer is recurring or progressing. Chest x-ray may be taken to look for a recurrence or for a new tumor. It is not uncommon for a new lung cancer to develop. Blood tests may be done to help look for recurrent cancer and for certain side effects of treatment. Additional blood tests and imaging tests may be performed, based on the results of routine tests and examinations. It is important for you to report any new or recurring symptoms to your doctor right away so that any problems related to a recurrent cancer or side effects of treatment can be dealt with promptly.

Each type of treatment for lung cancer has adverse effects that may last for a few months; some complications, however, can be permanent. You may be able to speed up your recovery by being aware of the side effects before you start treatment. You might be able to take steps to prevent them or shorten the length of time they last. Remember that your body is unique, and so are your emotional needs and your personal circumstances. In some ways, your cancer is like no one else's no one can predict precisely how you will respond to

Comprehensive Blood & Cancer Centers cancer or its treatment. Statistics can point an overall picture, but you may have special strengths such as a healthy immune system, a history of good nutrition, a strong family support system, or a deep spiritual faith. All of these have an affect on how you cope with cancer.

If you are being treated for cancer, be aware of the battle that is going on in your body. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy add to the fatigue caused by the disease itself. Rest as much as you need to so that you feel better as time goes on. Exercise once you feel rested enough. Ask your cancer care team whether your cancer or its treatment might limit your exercise program or other activities. Do as much as you can to help yourself stay healthy and active. Even after a diagnosis of lung cancer is made, it still is very important that you quit smoking. Studies have shown that patients who continue to smoke after the diagnosis of lung cancer have worse outcomes than those who stop. Quitting also helps improve your appetite and overall health and can reduce your chance of developing a new cancer.

Eat a balanced diet of healthy foods, including plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Once you get your strength back, try to exercise a few hours each week. Your health care team can suggest the types of exercise that are right for you. A cancer diagnosis and its treatment are major life challenges, with an effect on you and everyone who cares for you. Dietary Do's and Don'ts

  • Have small frequent meals instead of 2-3 large meals.
  • It is important to prevent weight loss hence have food which are calorie dense and high in protein
  • Have lots of high carbohydrate foods like cereals, potatoes, suran, fruits.
  • Cereals are good sources of fiber which help relieve constipation
  • 1nclude all pulses, peas, soya in form of soyamilk, soyaflour, soya nuggets, nutrela in your diet
  • Soya bean is a very good source of vegetable protein, it contains phytoestrogens and isoflavones which have cancer protective properties
  • 1nclude milk in your diet, add skimmed milk powder to regular milk to increase protein content of the milk.
  • Incorporate the skimmed milk powder in products like curds cheese paneer milkshakes custards porridge pudding to increase protein content.
  • Use milk instead of water to prepare the dough of chapatti
  • Include eggs in your diet as they are complete source of proteins
  • Increase the nutritive value of dais by sprouting them.
  • Add soya flour to whole wheat flour in proportion of 1:4 while making chapattis
  • Can also add chana, bajra, ragi, jowar flour to whole wheat flour to improve the nutritive value of chapattis.
  • Dry fruits nuts, peanuts, should be included in your diet to increase the protein content
  • Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly to protect them from causing any infection
  • Have 5-7 servings of fruits and vegetables daily, they are rich in antioxidants and are cancer protective
  • 1nclude plenty of liquids like water, lime juices, soups, fruit juices, coconut water, buttermilk, milkshakes to your diet.
  • Have mashed potato baked vegetable with melted cheese and butter
  • Avoid aerated drinks
  • Avoid spicy food, gas producing food and food that is difficult to digest
  • Avoid very sour and extreme temperature food
  • Avoid artificial sweeteners, refined foods.
  • Avoid alcohol, smoking and chewing tobacco